Quantum error correction and quantum computation

G. Alber , A. Delgado and M. Mussinger
LASER PHYSICS 12, 4 (2002)

ABSTRACT

In order to stabilize quantum algorithms against decoherence one has to fulfill two requirements. Firstly, one has to develop an appropriate quantum error correcting code, Secondly, one has to find a set of suitable unitary quantum transformations acting on the physical qubits which preserve the properties of this error correcting quantum code and which allow the implementation of a universal set of quantum gates. This is a challenging task in particular if we restrict ourselves to a limited class of two-particle interactions by which the physical qubits can be controlled. For the special cases of four and six physical qubits we discuss a set of such quantum gates which satisfy these two conditions for the recently developed detected-jump correcting quantum codes [1]. These quantum codes are capable of stabilizing distinguishable qubits against decoherence arising from spontaneous decay processes.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/



Categories: Publications