R.A. Vicencio, M.I. Molina and Kivshar Y.S.
PHYSICAL REVIEW E 70, 2 (2004)
We demonstrate a simple concept for controlling nonlinear switching of discrete solitons in arrays of weakly coupled optical waveguides, for both cubic and quadratic nonlinear response. Based on the effective discrete nonlinear equations describing light propagation in the waveguide arrays in the tight-binding approximation, we demonstrate the key ideas of the array engineering by means of a steplike variation of the waveguide coupling. We demonstrate the digitized switching of a narrow input beam for up to 11 neighboring waveguides, in the case of the cubic nonlinearity, and up to 10 waveguides, in the case of the quadratic nonlinearity. We discuss our predictions in terms of the physics of the engineered Peierls-Nabarro (PN) potential experienced by strongly localized nonlinear modes in a lattice, and calculate the PN potential for the quadratic nonlinear array for the first time.