Bulk and surface localized modes on a magnetic nonlinear impurity

M.I. Molina
PHYSICS LETTERS A 372, 46 (2008)

ABSTRACT

We study localized modes on a single magnetic impurity positioned in the bulk or at the surface of a one-dimensional chain, in the presence of a magnetic field 8 acting at the impurity site. The strong on-site nonlinear interaction U between two electrons of opposite spin at the impurity site, modelled here as a nonlinear local term, and the presence of the external field induce a strong correlation between parallel and antiparallel spin bound states. We find that, for an impurity in the bulk. a localized vector mode (with up and down spin components) is always possible for any given value of U and B, while for a surface impurity, a minimum value of both, U and B is needed to create a vector mode. In this case, up to two localized modes are possible, but only one of them is stable. The presence of the surface seems to destabilize the bulk mode in the parameter region U similar to B, creating a “forbidden strip” region in parameter space, bouncled by U = B + V and U = B – V, approximately. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2008.09.054



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