This new initiative will link two existing areas of CEFOP, Quantum Optics and Nonlinear Optics, and enhance their productivity through the acquisition of high-level scientific equipment.
The Millennium Scientific Initiative (MSI) of the chilean Ministry of Economy, awarded with $1,980 million to 11 projects that will be benefit with funding for a period of three years, to develop researches of excellence in different disciplines of the Natural Sciences. Among seven projects, selected for initiation, it’s the Nucleus for Advanced Optics postulated by CEFOP’s researchers Dr. Aldo Delgado and Dr. Rodrigo Vicencio.
This project, with experimental emphasis, will gather a group of CEFOP’s researchers including Dr. Leonardo Neves, Dr. Wallon Nogueira, Dr. Gustavo Lima, Dr. Mario Molina and Dr. Guilherme Xavier, led by Dr. Aldo Delgado and Dr. Rodrigo Vicencio, director and deputy director respectively, and it’s main goal is the development of the research capacities in the area of optics, specifically in Nonlinear Optics and Quantum Optics.
“With this contribution of MSI and the support of the Basal Financing Program (PFB), we can build an experimental research network throughout Chile, which will include the existing laboratories at Universidad de la Frontera and Universidad de Concepción and a future lab at Universidad de Chile” said Dr. Delgado, now responsible researcher for Quantum Optics group of CEFOP.
According to the scientist, the funds will allow the construction of the first laboratory in Nonlinear Optics in the country, which will be located at University of Chile, and which is intended to test the theories proposed after several years of research, and also achieve entanglement with Quantum Optics through a series of experiments, pioneers in the world, that combine techniques from both areas.
In addition, through the acquisition of scientific equipment, researchers in Quantum Optics of CEFOP at University of Concepción will be able to undertake a greater number of experiments simultaneously, increasing the productivity of the Center. “Currently, we have four optical tables and each is performing a single experiment. However, with access to new equipment we double that number, implement new ideas and explore all our capabilities” said Dr. Delgado.
Among the new researches, that will be developed on this Nucleus, are experiments ever undertaken in the area of Quantum Optics, specifically in discrimination of quantum states, entanglement in continuous variables, complementarity, propagation of quantum information through optical fibers and quantum cryptography. While in the area of Nonlinear Optics, the emphasis will be in experimental verification of theoretical results on properties of discrete systems.
The funding provided also includes the hiring of researchers and scholarships for students, promoting human capital formation of excellence in the area. It also includes budget for scientific collaboration and outreach activities.